About 1400 years ago,Islam has provided us the technique of preventive measurements and medicines.

And after so many years ,the modern science is recognizing the need of preventive medicines and techniques to make or remain healthy oneself through out the life span.

In the HolyQuran,it hasbeen advised that the lactation period of a child mustbe atleast two years or so.

And after so many years, a medical pumphlet about Epidemiology,after its research work said that, those mothers who feed their youngone,s with their milk at least for two years ,
have less chances of endometrial cancer than those who don,t .

In this way the health of mother and the child remains healthy and the immune system of the baby becomes more active and the chances of baby to remain healthy through out his lifespan increases.



assalamualaikum
all praises are for allah
well allah says about this in sure luqman of holy quran that mothers should fed their babies for 2 years and more over this is the natural contraceptive method coz as long as the mother lactates
she will be amenorhic that is she wont be having cycles. this phenomenon is called lactational amennorhea. well brother has already explained the benefits of this above
assalamualaikum



hadith relating to breastfeeding..
The verse from El-Baqharah tells us:

MOTHERS SHALL SUCKLE THEIR CHILDREN FOR TWO WHOLE YEARS; (THAT IS) FOR THOSE WHO WISH TO COMPLETE THE SUCKLING. THE DUTY OF FEEDING AND CLOTHING NURSING MOTHERS IN A SEEMLY MANNER IS UPON THE FATHER OF THE CHILD.

The English of the Luqman verse is:

WE ENJOINED MAN TO SHOW KINDNESS TO HIS PARENTS, FOR WITH MUCH PAIN HIS MOTHER BEARS HIM AND HE IS NOT WEANED BEFORE HE IS TWO YEARS OF AGE.

It has been discovered that the protein content of human milk is indirectly proportional to the maturity of the newborn baby.

In other words, the smaller the baby, the higher the protein content of the mother's milk.

Further, the protein content in human milk is not constant in the mother. It varies from day to day and even at different times during the same day, to suit the exact needs of the suckling.

The distribution of amino acids in human milk is such as to meet the very special requirements of the human baby. Here are a few examples:

- an excess of phenylalanine and tyrosine is known to be harmful for neonates, and there are only very small amounts of these amino acids in human milk1.

- for the growth of an infant, and especially of a neonate, cystine is very important. Human milk, unlike cow's milk, is rich in this amino acid1,6.

- normally cystine is converted from methionine. Cow's milk contains more methionine than human milk, but neonates are unable to convert methionine into cystine due to the immaturity of the enzyme system6.

- and the last point, taurine is one of the most important of the amino acids, especially for brain development, and it is of interest to note that the taurine content of human milk is 30-40 times higher than that of cow's milk.



FURTHE BIOCHEMICAL ADVANTAGES OF HUMAN MILK
1) Low sodium concentration in breast milk protects the newborn against dehydration and hypernatremia.

2) The presence of live cells, including lymphocytes, neutrophils and macrophages in human milk, contributes significantly to its anti-infective properties


Human Milk's Nutritional Benefits
Human milk, the best food for babies, contains the right amount of nutrients, in the right proportions, for the growing baby. A living, biological fluid, it contains many unique components. For example, lactoferrin provides optimal absorption of iron and protects the gut from harmful bacteria; lipases assist in digestion of fats; and special growth factors and hormones contribute to optimal growth and development. Mother's own milk changes during a feeding from thirst-quenching to hunger-satisfying, and comes in a variety of flavors as mother's diet varies. Its composition changes as the baby grows to meet baby's changing nutritional needs. It serves as the nutritional model for artificial baby milks, but none of these can match it.

While most people are aware that human milk provides excellent nutrition, many people are unaware of breastfeeding's other health benefits for babies.



Breastfeeding and the Immune System
Human milk is baby's first immunization. It provides antibodies which protect baby from many common respiratory and intestinal diseases, and also contains living immune cells. First milk, colostrum, is packed with components which increase immunity and protect the newborn's intestines. Artificially fed babies have higher rates of middle ear infections, pneumonia, and cases of gastroenteritis (stomach flu). Breastfeeding as an infant also provides protection from developing immune system cancers such as lymphoma, bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and celiac sprue, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, all of which are related to immune system function. And breastfed babies generally mount a more effective response to childhood immunizations. In all these cases, benefits begin immediately, and increase with increasing duration of breastfeeding.

Babies from families with a tendency to allergic diseases particularly benefit from breastfeeding. Exclusive breastfeeding, especially if it continues for at least six months, provides protection against allergies, asthma, and eczema.



Infant Growth and Development
New growth charts from the World Health Organization confirm that breastfed infants grow differently from formula fed babies. Breastfed infants grow faster initially, then slow down as they approach their first birthday.(This can sometimes be interpreted as "dropping off the growth curve," but really represents normal growth.) People artificially fed as infants go on to have a higher risk of obesity as adults.

More and more research is showing that breastfeeding leads to optimal brain development. While there are behavioral aspects to this, the milk is important, too. One study of premature babies who were tube-fed breast milk or artificial milk, but were never breastfed directly, showed that the babies who received no breast milk had IQS 8 points lower on average than those who received breast milk. Human milk has special ingredients like DHA (docosohexaenoic acid) and AA (arachidonic acid) which contribute to brain and retinal development. And all breastfed babies tend to spend a lot of their time in the "quiet alert" state which is most conducive to learning.



Breastfeeding in Special Circumstances
Breastfeeding has other special benefits for premature infants. Premature breastmilk contains different amounts of some nutrients than term breastmilk, more suited to the needs of premature babies. Necrotizing Enterocolitis, a serious bowel inflammation, is very rare for breastfed infants. And of course they get the same immune protection, which may be even more critical for prematures, and has been shown to reduce the risk of sepsis in these babies. Suckling at the breast, and digesting breast milk, cause less stress for the premature infant than bottle-feeding does; so most prematures can go to breast as soon as they are able to suckle. Because of the reduction in infections and the shorter time to full feeding, breastfed premature infants can usually leave the NICU sooner. For some babies, breastfeeding is a life-and-death matter. In addition to its known benefit where water supplies are unsafe or food supplies erratic, breastfeeding lowers the risk of SIDS in all populations.

There are very few reasons, particularly from the baby's point of view, to avoid breastfeeding. Most authorities recommend that USA mothers who are HIV positive not breastfeed;


however, in many areas of the world breastfeeding's known benefits outweigh the small risk of transmission from breast milk. Few other medical conditions preclude breastfeeding, as there are many appropriate medications that are suitable for use in breastfeeding moms.

Breastfeeding's immunologic and developmental benefits may be particularly important for babies with medical problems such as congenital heart disease, cleft palate, Down's syndrome, etc. In cases where the baby has a problem which affects ability to suckle at the breast, expressed breast milk from mother is still the best choice. Banked human milk, the availability of which is unfortunately limited, would be the second choice. Commercial artificial baby milks are preferable to other alternatives, but far from perfect substitutes for human milk. For every "new" component that is added to commercial baby milks to make them closer to human milk, several more components of human milk are discovered.


It's not JUST the milk, either!
In addition to all the known benefits of human milk, it's also clear that the act of breastfeeding is beneficial. Breastfeeding's contribution to optimal oral development means less risk of malocclusion -- and perhaps lower orthodontist bills! Bottle-fed babies have a higher risk of baby bottle tooth decay, as well. Close skin-to-skin contact with mother provides optimal nurturing and an almost automatic close emotional attachment. Suckling at breast optimizes hand-to-eye coordination, especially with regular "side-switching." Even in the rare cases when mother can't produce enough milk, or for adopted babies, supplemental systems can allow mother and baby to enjoy a breastfeeding relationship.



Breastfeeding and Women's Health
The extent to which breastfeeding affects mothers' health is rarely emphasized. Much of the lay literature about breastfeeding makes it sound like a rather time-consuming, difficult and even painful experience that women must endure for the sake of their babies' health. No wonder some mothers are left with the impression that they must "martyr" themselves and breastfeed for their baby's sake.

Surprise: Breastfeeding is good for mothers, too! Not only that, but it is a joyful, relaxing experience. Although breastfeeding advocates have been criticized for oversimplifying and not informing mothers of potential problems of breastfeeding, the truth of the matter is that when practiced optimally breastfeeding is an enjoyable experience, pure and simple. We must remember that many of the problems and inconveniences so commonly described in the lay literature and passed around by word of mouth as "horror stories" are due to the fact that we live in a bottle-feeding society, with little family or social support and little understanding of breastfeeding by many health care professionals. Thus, problems such as "insufficient milk syndrome," engorgement, cracked and bleeding nipples, all of which would be rare in a breastfeeding society, have become commonplace



Breastfeeding and Fathers
So what's in it for Dad? Breastfeeding benefits fathers, too. First, and most straightforward, breastfed babies have less offensive dirty diapers. There are no bottles to prepare and warm in the middle of the night. Fathers benefit from having a healthy baby, and can play with, snuggle, and bathe the baby as their relationship develops. If participating in feeding is important, he can be the main solid-food feeder later. Dads generally also appreciate the impact on the family budget of lower health care costs, fewer sick days, and lack of need to buy formula. And all of the health benefits for mothers make it likely that his partner will be healthier.


Breastfeeding and The Environment
Another important issue related to infant feeding and health is the interaction between infant feeding method and the environment. Breastfeeding is a completely natural, efficient use of resources. In contrast, artificial feeding involves overgrazing of land by cattle; use of chemical fertilizers to grow the soy; use of valuable environmental resources for formula production; packaging and transportation of the product; use of water and fuel for mixing the product and heating it, for sterilizing bottles and nipples; waste disposal of the cans, bottles, accessories, cartons, etc.

Despite this, the media and some environmental groups tend to play up issues of environmental contaminants in mother's milk. In fact, except in situations of toxic spills or occupational exposure to hazardous levels, breastfeeding has caused no ill effects in babies. To the contrary, studies comparing breastfed and bottle-fed babies in the same environment have shown better development and less cancer in the breastfed babies


Furthermore, despite concerns about PCBs in breastmilk potentially producing infertility in the offspring, the major burden of PCBs gets to babies during pregnancy. (Note: cows get exposed to PCBs, too, so artificial milks are not necessarily "pure," either.) A lesser known and less publicized issue is the fact that soy formulas contain phytoestrogens, which may have just as serious long-term effects. Rather than calling for women to avoid breastfeeding, the call needs to be to continue to clean up the environment to safeguard everyone's health. Breastfeeding will contribute to this clean-up effort.

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