Initially the roman calender the one we are following was of 10 months
(i.e. sept was the seventh, oct was 8th, nov was 9th and dec was 10th month of the year)
two months were added afterwards the 1st month to be added was
August after the king Augustious Ceazer who ordered the mathematecians to add a month in the calender to honour his gr8ness and specified that the month should be the longest in the calender(as the months were not of even lenght in those days).
then came Julius Ceazer concidering himself to be gr8er then augustius he ordered a month to be added in his houner too, this new month was July after Julius.
Julius wanted July to be before august and of equal or greater lenght at that time the calender that we know came into existance with 12 months including July and August.
this is also a reason why Julyand august are the two only months with 31 days each even after being consecutive................................

Length of the tropical year, defined as the average interval between vernal equinoxes. This calendar year was the objective of the Gregorian calendar reform, which finalized the calendar as we use it today.

365 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes (365.2424 Universal days)

Early Chinese year
354 days (lunar year) with days added at intervals to keep the Chinese

lunar calendar aligned with the seasons

Early Greek year
354 days, with days added

Jewish Year
354 days, with days added

Early Roman year
304 days, amended in 700 C.E. to 355 days

Months of the Year : Have you ever looked at the calendar and wondered where the names of the months came from? The origins of our calendar came from the old Roman practice of starting each month on a new moon. The Roman book - keepers would keep their records in a ledger called a "kalendarium" and this is where we get the word - Calendar.

The original Roman Calendar was 304 days long and had 10 months that began with March. December marked the end of the calendar year. The months of January and February were set aside for festivals. It was Julius Caesar who reorganized the calendar year to start with the month of January.

January - Named for the Roman god of beginnings and endings - Janus.

Februaury - Name comes from the god Februus. Romans celebrated this month with purification festivals called "februa"

March - Named for the Roman god of war - Mars, son of Jupiter. This was the first month of the Roman calendar.

April - The name comes from the word "aperire" which means "to open" - this is the month when the trees and flower buds open.

May - Named after the Roman goddess of honor and reverence - Maiesta (Maia).

June - Named for the Roman Queen of the gods - Juno, who was married to Jupiter.

July - Named after Julius Caesar, who was born in this month.

August - Named for Augustus, the Roman emperor. Originally it was called Sextilis for the 6th month of the Roman calendar.

September - Comes from the word septem - meaning seven.

October - Comes from the word octo - meaning eight.

November - Comes from the word novem - meaning nine.

December - Comes from the word decem - meaning ten.

Now time to know abt our hindu calendar
ACCORDING to hindu calendar there are twelve lunar month names:


When a new moon occurs before sunrise on a day, that day is said to be the first day of the lunar month. So it is evident that the end of the lunar month will coincide with a new moon. A lunar month has 29 or 30 days (according to the movement of the moon).

The tithi at sunrise of a day is the only label of the day. There is no running day number from the first day to the last day of the month. This has some unique results, as explained below:

Sometimes two successive days have the same tithi. In such a case, the latter is called an adhika tithi where adhika means "extra". Sometimes, one tithi may never touch a sunrise, and hence no day will be labeled by that tithi. It is then said to be a tithi kshaya where kshaya means "loss.

there is also a cycle of 60 calendar year names, called Samvatsaras, which started at the first year (at elapsed years zero) and runs continuously:

1. Prabhava

2. Vibhava

3. Shukla

4. Pramoda

5. Prajāpati

6. Āngirasa

7. Shrīmukha

8. Bhāva

9. Yuvan

10. Dhātri

11. Īshvara

12. Bahudhānya

13. Pramāthin

14. Vikrama

15. Vrisha

16. Chitrabhānu

17. Svabhānu

18. Tārana

19. Pārthiva

20. Vyaya (2006-2007 AD/CE) 21. Sarvajit

22. Sarvadhārin

23. Virodhin

24. Vikrita

25. Khara

26. Nandana

27. Vijaya

28. Jaya

29. Manmatha

30. Durmukha

31. Hemalambin

32. Vilambin

33. Vikārin

34. Shārvari

35. Plava

36. Shubhakrit

37. Shobhana

38. Krodhin

39. Vishvāvasu

40. Parābhava 41. Plavanga

42. Kīlaka

43. Saumya

44. Sādhārana

45. Virodhikrit

46. Paritāpin

47. Pramādin

48. Ānanda

49. Rākshasa

50. Anala

51. Pingala

52. Kālayukti

53. Siddhārthin

54. Raudra

55. Durmati

56. Dundubhi

57. Rudhirodgārin

58. Raktāksha

59. Krodhana

60. Akshaya

Determining which name a lunar month takes is somewhat indirect. It is based on the rāshi into which the sun transits within a lunar month, i.e. before the new moon ending the month.

There are twelve rāshi names, there are twelve lunar month names. When the sun transits into the Mesha rāshi in a lunar month, then the name of the lunar month is Chaitra. When the sun transits into Vrishabha, then the lunar month is Vaishākha. So on.

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