Guys hear a lot abt NAZISM n FACISM.
but doesnt really actually know abt............
so lets take on to FACISM...................


The term fascismo was first coined by the Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini[Prime Minister n Dictator of Italy]. It is derived from the Italian word fascio, which means "union" or "league", and from the Latin word fasces. The fasces, which consisted of a bundle of rods tied around an axe, were an ancient Roman symbol of the authority of the civic magistrates, and the symbolism of the fasces suggested strength through unity: a single rod is easily broken, while the bundle is very difficult to break.



Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology that considers individual and other societal interests subordinate to the needs of the state, and seeks to forge a type of national unity, usually based on ethnic, cultural , or racial attributes Various scholars attribute different characteristics to fascism, but the following elements are usually seen as its integral parts: nationalism(a devotion to one's own nation), authoritarianism(contrast to democracy.....like kings n all..), militarism(society goverened on d concepts of military culture , doctrine system), corporatism(refers to a political or economic system in which power is given to civic assemblies that represent economic, industrial, agrarian, and professional groups not necessarily the same as contemporary business corporations), collectivism(social outlook that stresses upon human interdependence), totalitarianism(when state regulate every aspect of public private behaviour), anti-communism( refers to opposition to communism)and opposition to economic and political liberalism[/red(liberty).

Fascism has been defunct in the Western world as a major political ideology since the defeat of the Axis powers in World War II. There is considerable stigma attached to the name and to the concept, and it is not uncommon for people to label their political opponents (or authority figures in general) pejoratively as "fascists". However, a small number of openly fascist political groups continue to exist, such as the Italian Fiamma Tricolore.

Originally, the term "fascism" (fascismo) was used by the political movement that ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini . Later, fascism became a broader term that was used to cover a whole class of authoritarian political ideologies, parties and political systems, though no consensus was ever achieved on a precise definition of what it means to be "fascist"

Part of the difficulty arises from the fact that there are, at present, very few self-identified fascists. Since the defeat of the Axis powers in World War II, the word has become a slur throughout the rest of the political spectrum; since 1945 it has been extremely uncommon for political groups to call themselves fascist. In contemporary political discourse, adherents of some ideologies tend to associate fascism with their enemies, or define it as embodying the opposite of their own views.

The governments and parties most often considered to have been fascist include Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler, Spain's Falange, Portugal's Estado Novo, Hungary's Arrow Cross Party, Romania's Iron Guard

Fascism attracted political support from diverse sectors of the population. In countries such as Romania and Hungary (and to a lesser extent in other states), Fascism had a strong base of support among the working classes and extremely poor peasants

ITALIAN FACISM
Fascio (plural: fasci) is an Italian language word which was used in the late nineteenth century to refer to radical political groups of many different (and sometimes opposing) orientations. A number of nationalist fasci later evolved into the twentieth century movement known as fascism.

Benito Mussolini claimed to have been the founder of fascism. Italian fascism (in Italian, fascismo) was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under Mussolini's leadership. Fascism in Italy combined elements of corporatism, totalitarianism, nationalism, militarism, and anti-Communism. Fascism won support as an alternative to the unpopular Liberalism of the time. It also won support of Italians who were anti socialist.


Fascism, sexuality, and gender roles
There has been a revival of interest in recent times, among many academic historians, with regard to the so-called "cult of masculinity" that permeated fascism, the attempts to systematically control female sexuality and reproductive behavior for the ends of the State.
Italian fascists viewed increasing the birthrate of Italy as a major goal of their regime, with Mussolini launching a program, called the 'Battle For Births', to almost double the country's population. The exclusive role assigned to women within the State was to be mothers and not workers or soldiers.
However, Mussolini did not practice what some of his supporters preached. From an early stage, he gave women high positions within Fascism, and in Germany, the leader of one of the major feminist organizations pleaded with Hitler to be incorporated into the Nazi Party as early as 1928.
Fascists have generally been opposed to the concept of women's rights per se, preferring the traditions of chivalry to guide male-female relations. Once again, Hitler, Himmler and Mussolini dismissed male chauvinist attitudes towards women, especially in private.

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