There are three main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes , usually diagnosed in children and adolescents, occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that ensures body energy needs are met. Approximately 10 per cent of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.

The remaining 90 per cent have type 2 diabetes , which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not effectively use the insulin that is produced. Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adulthood, although increasing numbers of children in high-risk populations are being diagnosed.

A third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. It affects approximately 3.5 per cent of all pregnancies and involves an increased risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.

Ifleft untreated or improperly managed, diabetes can result in a variety of complications, including:

Heart disease
Kidney disease
Eye disease
Problems with erection (impotence)
Nerve damage.

If you are aged 40 or over, you are at risk for type 2 diabetes and should be tested at least every three years. If any of the following risks factors apply, you should be tested earlier and/or more often.


A member of a high-risk group (Aboriginal, Hispanic, Asian, South Asian or African descent)
Overweight (especially if you carry most of your weight around your middle)

A parent, brother or sister with diabetes
Health complications that are associated with diabetes
Given birth to a baby that weighed more than 4 kg (9 lb)
Had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)
Impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose
High blood pressure
High cholesterol or other fats in the blood

Been diagnosed with any of the following conditions:

polycystic ovary syndrome
acanthosis nigricans (darkened patches of skin)

symptoms and prevention of diabetes
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include the following:

Unusual thirst
Frequent urination
Weight change (gain or loss)
Extreme fatigue or lack of energy
Blurred vision
Frequent or recurring infections
Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal
Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
Trouble getting or maintaining an erection
It is important to recognize, however, that many people who have type 2 diabetes may display no symptoms.

Scientists believe that lifestyle changes can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. A healthy meal plan, weight control and physical activity are important prevention steps.

Tips for prevention of diabetes
The American Diabetes Association has published new diabetes prevention guidelines for people at high risk of type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes.

The guidelines appear in September’s edition of Diabetes Care. They’re accompanied by recommendations for people who already know they have type 2 diabetes.

--Lose extra weight. Moderate weight loss -- 7 percent of your weight -- may cut diabetes risk.

--Cut fat and calories from your diet. That should help with weight loss.

--Skip low-carb or high-protein diets. They may not work out in the long run.

--Get plenty of fiber. Get 14 grams of dietary fiber for every 1,000 calories you eat.

--Go for whole grains. Make at least half your grains whole grains.

--Get regular physical activity. Go for 2.5 hours per week (check with your doctor first).

Diabetic Menus
Fast and Simple Diabetic Menus
Keeping a diet that meets the strict nutritional requirements of diabetes can be difficult and time-consuming, but it is a critical part of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. You need meals that you can prepare quickly with little fuss and even less guesswork. A 7 day meal plan with recipes is provided for you. (Diabetic Meal Planning and Diabetes Menu)

Diabetic Recipes - Cakes
These cake recipes include food exchanges from the American Dietetic Association, a complete nutritional breakdown for each recipe, along with adaptations for low-sodium and low-cholesterol diets. These delicious recipes include Chocolate Sponge Cake, Applesauce Cake, Banana Nut Cake and Chocolate Oat Bran Cake. (Diabetic Dessert Recipe, Diabetic Cake Recipe)

How Many Carbohydrates Should A Person With Diabetes Eat Each Day?
Carbohydrates are extremely important and should not be eliminated or severely restricted from a person's diet. Read more about carbohydrates and diabetics. (Carbohydrates, Diabetic Meal Planning)

100-Calorie Snacks
Have you ever wanted a snack, but didn't want to blow your diet? Eating the wrong snacks is an easy way a lot of extra calories are added to your daily food intake. Having quick and easy healthy snacks available when hunger strikes gives you extra willpower to avoid grabbing whatever is close at hand. We hope these examples begin to dispel current notions of "portion distortion." Try not to eat with your eyes, but with your head - a wonderful surprise awaits you. (Diabetes Diet and Diabetes Nutrition)

Eating Right With Diabetes
Maintaining a healthy diet is important for everyone, but it is vital for people with diabetes. Diabetes diet suggestions start with an understanding of carbohydrates, fiber and fats. Tips apply to a gestational diabetes diet. (Diabetic Food List & Diabetic Cooking)

The Truth About Sugar-Free Products
When Free Isn't Really - What most people don't realize is that most sugar-free products still contain carbohydrate and will make your blood sugar levels go up. Anything that has starch or sugar--whether naturally occurring or added to it--contains carbohydrates. (Diabetic Meal Planning and Sugar Alcohols)

Nutrition: Eating Out - Healthfully
In a dozen studies that monitored tens of thousands of people for years, "being overweight increased the risk of developing diabetes in men and women more than tenfold." Unfortunately, anyone trying to avoid weight gain and diabetes will find little help from restaurant menus. Restaurants serve large portions of tasty calorie-rich foods. That's a recipe for flab...and for diabetes. (Diabetes Nutrition and Diabetic Meal Planning)

Glycemic Index: New Way to Count Carbs?
The latest news in diabetes diet planning is that even foods with the same carbohydrate content can trigger a wide difference in blood sugar levels. Diabetes researchers have developed a system for measuring the glycemic index of foods. Healthy carbs are those with a low glycemic index. This information takes the exchange diet to another level to help establish a diabetic food list that helps normalize blood sugar.

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