A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. Fighters are comparatively small, fast, and maneuverable.These early fighters in World War I were mostly wooden biplanes with light machine guns


By World War II, fighters were predominantly metal monoplanes with wing-mounted cannon. Following the war, turbojets replaced piston engines as the means of propulsion, and missiles augmented or replaced guns

Modern jet fighters are predominantly powered by one or two turbofan engines, armed primarily with missiles (from as few as two on some lightweight day fighters to as many as eight to ten on air superiority fighters like the Su-27 Flanker or F-15 Eagle), with a cannon as backup armament (typically between 20 and 30mm in calibre), and equipped with a radar as the primary method of target acquisition.

less hav an Idea of dis extreme machine....
MKI ...is probably de best fighter operatin in Asia.... currently india has around 70 Su-30 MKI's ....... HAL builts around 10-15 evry year... target is of havin 230 Su-30 MKI's....

The Su-30MKI is considered to be the 'ultimate' evolution of the Su-27 originally developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau in 1982 as a dedicated role air defence fighter (NATO code name Flanker). The multi-role capability now provided in the IAF aircraft includes air-to-ground attack, interdiction and long range strikes (in conjunction with mid-air refueling capability) in addition to the original air interception role. The Su-30MKI comes to the IAF with attack capabilities more advanced than what is available to most other air forces of the world including the Russian Air Force, thanks to a bold and farsighted approach taken by the IAF. The newness of the approach lies in the fact that the Ministry of Defence contracted with Sukhoi for these fighters to be supplied with significant upgrades in its manoeuvering, precision navigation and weapon delivery capabilities than what had been developed by the Russians until then.

The IAF also demanded that the upgrades be achieved with the incorporation of new & better Customer Furnished Equipment (CFE) including a significant element of Indian-developed avionics. It is obvious that a pro-active approach such as this was not without risks in the acquisition of a complex weapon system such as the Su-30. The major technical risk lies in the area of system engineering of the total weapon platform with newly introduced constituents. There is also the management challenge in convincing the Russian principals and others of the technical advantages of bringing in new 'western' and Indian avionics to co-exist with original Russian equipment. Judging by the remarkable results, the system engineering, integration and management complexities of such an acquisition project incorporating equipment from Russia, France, Israel and India have evidently been handled competently by the Indian team.
It is to the great credit of all the principal players in this major programme that No. 20 Squadron ("Lightnings"), famous for its exploits with Hunters in the 1965 and 1971 wars, has now been inducted with this new and advanced operational capability within a period of 6 years from "go". More squadrons will follow and IAF rightly expects these to be the pride of its friends and despair of its foes.

It is a matter not merely of national pride but also of great practical advantage in terms of costs and maintainability that many critical elements of the new avionics suite of Su-30 MKI are designed indigenously. Advanced avionics were developed by DRDO under a project code named "Vetrivale" (a Tamil name for the victorious lance carried by the youthful Lord Karthikeya or Murugan, a son of Parvati and Shiva) in close collaboration with the PSUs and the IAF. Indian avionics have been received and acknowledged enthusiastically by the Russian principals. The core avionics designed by the Bangalore-based Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE) consists of Mission Computers, Display Processors and Radar computers which are now manufactured by HAL'S Hyderabad Division. The other DARE product Tarang RWR which is manufactured by BEL at its Bangalore facility, alerts the pilot to all surrounding "threats" such as radar-controlled guns and missiles for initiating evasive action or counter-measures. Tarang which was originally designed for the MiG-21bis modernisation programme is now a standard fitment in most of IAF aircraft. The DRDO has effected transfer of technology for the manufacture of all avionics to the PSUs after establishing the design soundness of such equipment through evaluation of prototypes. These avionics equipment have also been certified for their airworthiness in meeting the demanding standards of Russian military aviation. The integrated communication equipment and radar altimeters are of HAL's own design, already well proven in other aircraft applications. The cumulative value of such indigenous

The cumulative value of such indigenous avionic equipment is estimated to exceed Rs. 250 lakhs per aircraft.

Specifications (Sukhoi Su-30MKI)
General characteristics
Crew: 2
Length: 22.10 m (72 ft 51 in)
Wingspan: 14.70 m (48 ft 23 in)
Height: 6.38 m (22 ft 89 in)
Wing area: 62.04 m² (667.8 ft²)
Empty weight: 17,700 kg (39,300 lb)
Loaded weight: 34,500 kg (76,100 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 38,800 kg (85,600 lb)
Powerplant: 2× Lyulka AL-31FP turbofans with thrust vectoring, 131 kN (29,400 lbf) each
Performance
Range: 3,000 km (1,600 nm, 1,900 mi) unrefueled
Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,000 ft)
Rate of climb: >303 m/s (60,000 ft/min)
Wing loading: 556 kg/m² (113 lb/ft²)
Thrust/weight: 0.77



Radar N0 11M bar :
The forward facing NIIP NO11M Bars (Panther) is a powerful integrated passive electronically scanned phased array radar. The N011M is a digital multi-mode dual frequency band radar.

Features:

The N011M can function both in air-to-air and air-to-land/sea mode simultaneously while being tied into a high-precision laser-inertial or GPS navigation system. It is equipped with a modern digital weapons control system as well as anti-jamming features.
For aircraft N011M has a 350 km search range and a maximum 200 km tracking range, and 60 km in the rear hemisphere. A MiG-21, for instance can be detected at a distance of up to 135 km. Design maximum search range for an F-16 target was 140–160 km.
The radar can track 20 air targets and process engage the 8 most threatening targets simultaneously and attack 4 most dangerous simultaneously[3] These targets include from cruise missiles to even motionless helicopters.
Irkuts press release on the Su-30 MKI Mk3.
The Su-30MKI can function as a 'mini-AWACS' and can act as a director or command post for other aircraft. The target co-ordinates can be transferred automatically to at least 4 other aircraft.
The radar can detect ground targets such as tanks at 40- 50 km.
The N011M is claimed to detect large sea targets at a distance up to 400 km, and small sized ones at a distance of 120 km.
When integrated with the Brahmos Missile, the Su-30MKI could become a formidable anti-shipping platform.



First Generation planes(1944-1953)
The first generation represents the first attempts at using turbojets for propulsion, providing greatly increased speed (the efficiency of piston-driven propellers drops off considerably at transsonic speeds).Many were straight-winged aircraft armed primarily with cannon; radar was not yet in common usage except on specialized night fighters.

The first jets were developed during World War II and saw combat in its last year. Messerschmitt developed the first operational jet fighter, the Me 262. It was considerably faster than piston-driven aircraft, and in the hands of a competent pilot, was practically untouchable. Due to German fuel shortages, however, it saw little use.by the end of the 1940s virtually all new combat aircraft were jet-powered.

Despite the advantages, the early jet fighters were far from perfect.Their operational lifespans could be measured primarily in hours; the engines themselves were fragile and bulky, and power could be adjusted only slowly. Innovations such as swept wings, ejector seats, and all-moving tailplanes were introduced in this period.

Notable aircraft:
# Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 Fargo
# Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 Fagot
# Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 Fresco


Second generation (1953-1960)
The second generation describes the integration of many new technologies to greatly improve the fighting capability of the jet fighter. The introduction of guided missiles such as the AIM-9 Sidewinder and AIM-7 Sparrow moved combat to beyond visual range (though it often devolved into dogfights in visual range), necessitating the standardization of radar to acquire targets. Designers experimented with a variety of aeronautical innovations, such as the swept wing, delta wing, variable-geometry wings, and area ruled fuselages. With the aid of swept wing, these were the first production aircraft to break the sound barrier.

The primary specializations of this era were the fighter-bomber (such as the F-105 and the Sukhoi Su-7), and the interceptor (English Electric Lightning and F-104 Starfighter). The interceptor was an outgrowth of the vision that guided missiles would completely replace guns and combat would take place at beyond visual range. As a result, interceptors were designed with a large missile payload and a powerful radar, sacrificing agility in favor of speed and rate of climb.

Notable aircraft:

o HAL HF-24 Marut(INDIA)

o Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21
o Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19
o Sukhoi Su-7
o Sukhoi Su-9/Su-11
o English Electric Lightning
o De Havilland Sea Vixen
o Gloster Javelin
o Chance-Vought F-8 Crusader
o Grumman F-11 Tiger
o Republic F-105 Thunderchief

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