Couples are more likely to have girl than a boy if either of the partners smoked heavily while they were trying to conceive, new research in the Lancet medical journal suggests. Some scientists consider the ratio of male to female births to be an indicator of a population's health, because male sperm and embryos are more fragile than their female counterparts. Normally, boys have a slight edge over girls, with almost 52% of all babies born worldwide being male. The balance tends to even out later in life because females are better at survival. However, the number of males has been declining in several industrial countries over the past few decades and researchers suspect toxic substances may be partly to blame. ("Study: Smokers more likely to have girls," The Daily Progress newspaper, Charlottesville, Virginia, April 19, 2002. London) Editor's comment: One pack a day is considered heavy smoking.

Women fear breast cancer more than lung cancer, yet lung cancer kills three times as many women as breast cancer. (HealthCentral - Reuters Health -June 2000)

Women who smoke are more likely to get lung cancer, and 23,000 more women will die of lung cancer than breast cancer. In general, women have a harder time quitting than men and women’s lung cancer rates more than doubled between 1974 and 1994).“Women and Lung Cancer,” Washington Post Health, Oct. 1998)

The American Health Foundation in New York, found that women who smoke are more likely to have lung cancer and heart attacks than men who smoke. (Living Fit magazine, Jan./Feb. 1997)

Lung cancer is fatal for 86 percent of its victims within 5 years of diagnosis, and is now the leading cause of cancer death among women. It will kill some 70,000 women this year - more than breast and cervical cancer combined. Lung cancer in women was practically unheard of 50 years ago, and since then it has increased by more than 400 percent. Currently, about one in four women smokes. Lung cancer doesn't generate a lot of media coverage, and they aren't demanding research

Lung cancer doesn't generate a lot of media coverage, and they aren't demanding research dollars like the breast cancer victims, because they aren't alive to do so. The nicotine in cigarettes eases women’s stress and anxiety levels more profoundly than it does for men. There is no safe level of smoking, and social smoking can lead to regular smoking. Postmenopausal women who smoke 1 or more packs of cigarettes a day are 5 times more likely to develop breast cancer than others who do not smoke. (Health After 50, Johns Hopkins Medical Letter, Nov. 1997)

Lung cancer is virulent, only 14% of women who get it are alive 5 years later after diagnosis, compared to 67% who survive at least 10 years with breast cancer. (“Good Question,” by Nancy Snyderman, M.D., Health magazine, May 1999)

Women who smoke are twice as likely to become incontinent. (Isadore Rosenfeld, M.D., in Parade magazine, June 27, 1999)

Smoking decreases physical fitness and vitality so that smokers tend to be physiologically 8 years older than their chronological age. (ASH Review, Jan./Feb. 1995)

Women who smoke cigarettes have a much greater risk (5 times greater) of developing genital warts. Smoking suppresses infection-fighting cells, allowing the virus to run rampant. (Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reuters Health, March 1997)

Over 1,200 abortions annually, on Denmark alone, could be avoided if women on the pill quit smoking. Nicotine in tobacco breaks down the pill’s hormone content, thereby reducing their effectiveness. (‘Smoking causes pregnancies,’ ASH, Sept.-Oct. 2000)

Women smokers, age 60 and over, appear to have twice the risk of developing lung cancer as men smokers of the same age. (The Washington Post Health, Nov. 2, 1999)

Paternal smoking causes cancer in his offspring. Free radicals, cancer-causing agents that can be found in smoke, can actually alter sperm DNA, increasing the affected cells’ susceptibility to cancer. (Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Feb. 5, 1997, in Delicious! magazine, July 1997)

Half of the pregnancies are unplanned, a much higher proportion than in most other developed countries. (Univ. of Calf., Berkeley Wellness Letter, May 1998)

There is a study that supports a connection between maternal smoking during pregnancy and limb defects in their babies. (Reuters 1997)

Among women, mothers with less than a high school education are 10 times more likely to smoke during pregnancy than mothers with 4 years of college (smoking is a risk factor for low-birth-weight infants). (Myths of the Uninsured,” Newsweek, Nov. 8, 1999)

After the mother’s use of nicotine there is a 30 minute reduction in fetal “breathing.’ It takes 90 minutes for it to recover to normal. 20% of pregnant women continue to smoke (U.S.). (“Dying to Quit,” 1998 book by Janet Brigham)

Women who smoke during pregnancy (10 cigarettes a day or more) substantially increase the likelihood that their child will develop certain psychiatric disorders during adolescence, namely behavioral problems if it is a boy (more than 4 times the risk) and drug abuse problems if it is a girl (more than 5 times the risk). (Columbia University study - Reuters Health on - 2000)

At least 6,200 children die each year in the U.S. because of their parents’ smoking - killed by such things as lung infections and burns. In addition, some 5.4 million other youngsters each year survive ailments such as ear infections and asthma that are triggered by their parents’ smoking, and these problems cost $4.6 billion annually. 2,800 of these deaths are due to low birth weight caused by mothers who smoke while pregnant. Low birth-weight babies are frail and vulnerable to many ills, including respiratory distress syndrome, bleeding in the brain and blood infections. About 2,000 of the deaths are from sudden infant death (SIDS) caused by secondhand tobacco smoke. About 250 children die from fires caused by cigarettes, matches or lighters - and 14 die from asthma. (“Parent’s smoking kills 6,200 children yearly,” AP - Daily Progress, July 15, 1997)

In about 4 million births in the U.S. in 1996, 13% reported to have smoked during pregnancy. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of having a baby with a cleft lip or palate - up to 70% if they smoke more than 21 cigarettes per day (1-10 cigarettes per day - 30%). In addition the risks include prematurity and low birth weight. Any amount of smoking during pregnancy is detrimental to the newborn. (Reuters Health, HealthCentral, April 4, 2000)

A study showed that a powerful cancer-causing chemical (NNAL) in cigarettes was found in the wombs of expectant women. (ASH - May-June 2000)

Those women who smoked during pregnancy were 50% more likely to give birth to retarded children (an I.Q. of less than 70), those who smoked 1 pack a day had an 85% chance of birthing a retarded child. (Pediatrics for April 1996. In Alternative Medicine Digest, Spring/Summer 1997)

Women who smoke have an earlier and more difficult menopause. Stopping smoking would help hot flashes. (Andrew Weil, M.D., Self Healing newsletter, April 1997)

Smoking quadruples the breast cancer risk in older women that have the slow-acting form of an enzyme that detoxifies the carcinogens in cigarette smoke. Approximately half of white menopausal American women have this form of the enzyme - 90 percent of those Middle Eastern descent -African and Asian are less likely to have it. (“Smoking quadruples breast cancer risk in many women,” Reuters, Yahoo -1996)

Postmenopausal women who smoke 1 or more packs of cigarettes a day are 5 times more likely to develop breast cancer than others. (Johns Hopkins Medical Letter, “Health after 50,” Nov. 1997)

Related Posts by Categories

Widget by Hoctro | Jack Book


Recieve Jokes By Email

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner